Federal, Provincial, and Municipal Driving Regulation in the Country of Canada

There is a reason you have to take a test (or two) to get your drivers license. This is a privilege, not a right, because it involves quite a lot of responsibility.  Obviously, this is responsibility because a motor vehicle—while convenient—is a massive machine that can be dangerous if used improperly.  That is also the reason we have various traffic and highway laws: they are intended to maximize the safety of the roads upon which we drive; and that everyone has fair and equal access to the same roads that everyone has to share.

In the country of Canada, MonAvocat driving laws are written at every level of government. And this is a lot like how the United States, Canada has federal, provincial (state), and municipal (city) government. Each of these levels of government is responsible for dictating its own specific set of traffic regulations.



At the Federal level, the Canadian government does not get involved with traffic regulation unless there is a major criminal violation.  The Canadian Criminal Code, basically, describes which serious offenses should be addressed in a Federal court. These federally-regulated driving offenses might include:

  • criminal negligence involving the operation of a motor vehicle
  • criminal negligence resulting in the death of a driver, passenger, or pedestrian (involving the operation of a motor vehicle)
  • driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • reckless driving (endangerment)


The country of Canada is divided into provinces. This is similar to the way that America is divided into states.  Each of these individual provinces has the responsibility of establishing its own set of highway and road regulations. Each of the Canadian provinces are also individually tasked with governing these routes by regulating driver conduct. This means, though, that this level of regulation can vary from province to province, though they are mostly very similar.  Canadian provincial traffic regulation can include:

  • driver licensing
  • motor vehicle operation laws
  • driver safety
  • vehicle registration
  • vehicle safety
  • motor vehicle conditions


Most traffic and driving regulation in Canada is covered by the national and provincial government. However, there are also municipal highway regulation that typically pertains to things like road maintenance which requires that each municipality ensures that road conditions are as safe as possible.